June 17, 2024

All About Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment – 2023

Infertility  – Your doctor will evaluate your medical history, sex history, and habits to determine if you are infertile. Gen 5 Fertility center offers effective infertility treatments. You can rely on San Diego director of fertility services, president Samuel Wood, an authority on infertility globally.

What is infertility?

Infertility is the failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of regular intercourse due to reproductive system abnormalities. It affects 9% of males and 11% of females in America. Many different factors may cause infertility in men and women.

In men, the primary cause is low sperm production and blockages that block the delivery of sperm. It may also be due to health problems such as diabetes, genetic conditions like cystic fibrosis, and genetic anomalies.

The primary cause of infertility in women is ovulation disorders, which accounts for most cases of infertility in couples. The problem may arise from a hormonal imbalance due to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is characterized by abnormal hair growth, acne, obesity, and also insulin resistance.

Intense physical and emotional strain may cause hormonal imbalances that trigger ovulation problems. The patient could also have an immune response problem that may lead to premature loss of eggs. It often causes irregular periods in some patients.

Infertility Diagnostic Process

Your endocrinologist will perform various diagnostic tests to determine the cause of your infertility. The test is critical to ensure the treatment is safe and effective.

Blood tests in women patients are conducted to determine the hormonal levels of progesterone. The timing must be accurate to uphold the efficacy of the infertility assessment.

Your doctor will also ask you about your sexual history and frequency of sexual intercourse. Some conditions like chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage the fallopian tubes. Endocrinologists also assess your exposure to risk factors such as body mass index, age, smoking, and alcohol consumption.

Sometimes your endocrinologist may not find the cause of infertility. That could be due to a combination of issues between the couples. The couple may be able to get pregnant if they allow for time to try again. Your doctor will conduct multiple diagnostic tests, but it may take longer to solve the issue. 

Treatments for Infertility

The treatment may involve prescriptions, surgical procedures, and assisted conception, depending on the cause of infertility. Women with PCOS may require medication to manage the symptoms and reverse ovulation anomalies. The drugs can have side effects such as nausea and are unsuitable for patients with unexplained [infertility].

Surgical procedures are prescribed for patients with scarred or blocked fallopian tubes. The process removes scar tissue to allow the egg to pass through during ovulation.

Assisted conception includes treatments like IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), where ovaries are fertilized outside the body. Your provider will choose the healthiest sperm for the process. The ovaries are implanted back into the uterus.

IVF is recommended for patients who have been trying to get pregnant for some time without success. It is effective at inducing pregnancy since fertilization is highly controlled.

Contact Gen 5 Fertility Center to schedule a consultation today.

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