Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical technique that entails the placement of electrodes in particular areas of the brain. It is used to treat a widespread range of neurological symptoms that may be debilitating.
Deep brain stimulation is a highly advanced treatment for movement disorders including dystonia, Parkinson’s disease, and basic tremors.
The electrical signals that activate tremors and other Parkinson’s disease symptoms are inhibited with and congested by the deep brain stimulator’s impulse. The thalamus, and globus pallidus are the utmost commonly targeted areas. The treatment of deep brain stimulation has a long history of the study.
While deep brain stimulation has shown to be successful in the bulk of cases, it has the potential to cause thoughtful complications and side effects. This is the primary explanation why deep brain stimulation is reserved for patients whose symptoms have not been adequately treated by medications.
The procedure of deep brain stimulation
The neurosurgeon uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans to determine the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve impulses trigger the symptoms before beginning deep brain stimulation therapy. Microelectrode recording (a small wire that observes the movement of nerve cells in the target area) can be used by several doctors to more accurately and precisely select the brain target that will be stimulated during treatment.
The permanent electrodes are being fitted in the target areas in a variety of ways after the targets in the brain have been identified. Before the operation, the patient is given a local anesthetic, and the neurosurgeon places electrodes in the skull via tiny gaps.
The implanted electrodes are connected to the stimulator through extensions (a thin insulated wire). Some incisions under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder pass these extensions. A deep brain stimulator, like a heart pacemaker, is a battery-operated medical system. It is inserted near the collarbone or in the chest under the skin.
Recovery from deep brain stimulation
Ideally, Patients should first remain in the hospital until their incision-related discomfort has subsided and they can eat, drink, and walk normally. Patients are frequently expected to stay in the hospital for one night after surgery, though some patients may be recommended to stop for at least two nights. Once the wound has healed properly, the patient will not be able to wash or wet the wound around the incision.
Deep brain stimulation programming happens 3 to 4 weeks after surgery, and this is when the treatment’s true benefits can be discovered. A specialist activates the neurostimulator (IPG) after a few weeks of surgery. Using a special remote control, the specialist can conveniently configure the IPG from outside the patient’s body.
The amount of stimulation is adjusted to the individual’s needs. Depending on the patient’s condition, stimulation may be continuous or the specialist may prescribe turning the IPG off at night and on again in the morning. The stimulator’s batteries can last three to five years. The method for replacing an IPG is fairly straightforward.
If the patient has any issues with voice, balance, or coordination, or if the patient has mood swings, numbness, muscle tightness, or lightheadedness, call your doctor right away.
Cost of deep brain stimulation treatment
One can easily benefit from the Medical Industry, which offers holistic clinics, health professionals, and cutting-edge technology at a low cost. The DBS surgery cost usually depends on various factors like:
- Total days patients spend in the hospital.
- DBS devices – Electrode, pulse generator, and hand-held computer.
- The DBS neurosurgeon’s and the team’s experience and expertise
- Medical costs and additional tests
India is an affordable destination with DBS surgery price being approximately 60% to 90% less than those in other parts of the world.
Choose Medigence for deep brain stimulation surgery.
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