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5 Common Types of Heart Disease

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Heart disease is any ailment that affects the cardiovascular system. There are various kinds of heart disease Fort Worth, each of which affects the heart and blood arteries differently. For some, lifestyle adjustments and medication can significantly impact their health. Furthermore, others may require surgery to restore ticker function.

Coronary artery disease (CAD)

The most prevalent type of heart condition is coronary artery disease, often referred to as coronary heart disease. It is caused by plaque buildup in the arteries that provide blood to the heart. As a result, they stiffen and narrow. Plaque is composed of cholesterol as well as other compounds. Blood flow drops as a result, and the heart receives less oxygen and nutrients. Over time, the heart muscle weakens, raising the risk of failure and arrhythmias. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries. Because of obstacles, plaque in the arteries might break, causing blood flow to halt and perhaps leading to a heart attack.

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyopathy causes your heart chambers to widen, causing the heart muscle to stretch and thin. Past heart attacks, arrhythmias, and toxins are the most prevalent causes of dilated cardiomyopathy, although genetics can also play a role. As a result, the heart weakens and cannot effectively pump blood. Arrhythmia, blood clots in your heart, and heart failure can all follow. It also mostly impacts individuals between the ages of 20 and 60.

Heart failure

When you experience heart failure, your heart continues to function but not as well as it should. Congestive heart failure is a kind of heart failure caused by issues with the pumping or relaxing function of the heart. Unmanaged coronary artery disease, excessive blood pressure, arrhythmias, and other conditions can all lead to heart failure. These diseases can impair the heart’s capacity to pump or rest adequately. Heart failure can be fatal, but receiving treatment for heart-related problems as soon as possible might help prevent complications.

Mitral valve prolapse

This happens when your mitral valve flaps do not shut correctly. They instead protrude into the left atrium. This can result in a cardiac murmur. Mitral valve prolapse is not generally fatal, although some people may require treatment. This illness, which affects around 2% of the population, can be caused by genetic factors and connective tissue abnormalities.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

This issue is often caused by a hereditary defect affecting the heart muscle. Your muscle walls thicken, and contractions become more challenging. This impairs the heart’s capacity to take in and pump out blood. A blockage can arise in various instances. There may be no indicators, and many people may not acquire a diagnosis. However, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can deteriorate with time and lead to various heart issues. Anyone with a family history of this disorder should request a screening since therapy can help prevent problems.

Heart disease is a very prevalent health issue. There are several forms of heart disease. Some are caused by genetic problems and are unpreventable. However, in many circumstances, you can take action to avoid heart disease and its effects. These strategies include eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and seeking medical guidance when the first signs of heart disease occur. Call Clover Internal Medicine or book your meeting today to determine the ideal heart disease therapies for you.

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